Force Generation via β-Cardiac Myosin, Titin, and α-Actinin Drives Cardiac Sarcomere Assembly from Cell-Matrix Adhesions.
Dev Cell 2018 Jan 8; 44(1):87-96.e5
Truncating mutations in the sarcomere protein titin cause dilated cardiomyopathy due to sarcomere insufficiency. However, it remains mechanistically unclear how these mutations decrease sarcomere content in cardiomyocytes. Utilizing human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, CRISPR/Cas9, and live microscopy, we characterize the fundamental mechanisms of human cardiac sarcomere formation. We observe that sarcomerogenesis initiates at protocostameres, sites of cell-extracellular matrix adhesion, where nucleation and centripetal assembly of α-actinin-2-containing fibers provide a template for the fusion of Z-disk precursors, Z bodies, and subsequent striation. We identify that β-cardiac myosin-titin-protocostamere form an essential mechanical connection that transmits forces required to direct α-actinin-2 centripetal fiber assembly and sarcomere formation. Titin propagates diastolic traction stresses from β-cardiac myosin, but not α-cardiac myosin or non-muscle myosin II, to protocostameres during sarcomerogenesis. Ablating protocostameres or decoupling titin from protocostameres abolishes sarcomere assembly. Together these results identify the mechanical and molecular components critical for human cardiac sarcomerogenesis. Dev Cell 2018 Jan 8; 44(1):87-96.e5.
Chopra, Anant; Kutys, Matthew L; Zhang, Kehan; Polacheck, William J; Sheng, Calvin C; Luu, Rebeccah J; Eyckmans, Jeroen; Hinson, J Travis; Seidman, Jonathan G; Seidman, Christine E; and Chen, Christopher S, "Force Generation via β-Cardiac Myosin, Titin, and α-Actinin Drives Cardiac Sarcomere Assembly from Cell-Matrix Adhesions." (2018). Faculty Research 2018. 18.