Overlapping roles for PLK1 and Aurora A during meiotic centrosome biogenesis in mouse spermatocytes.
EMBO Rep 2021 Feb 21;e51023
The establishment of bipolar spindles during meiotic divisions ensures faithful chromosome segregation to prevent gamete aneuploidy. We analyzed centriole duplication, as well as centrosome maturation and separation during meiosis I and II using mouse spermatocytes. The first round of centriole duplication occurs during early prophase I, and then, centrosomes mature and begin to separate by the end of prophase I to prime formation of bipolar metaphase I spindles. The second round of centriole duplication occurs at late anaphase I, and subsequently, centrosome separation coordinates bipolar segregation of sister chromatids during meiosis II. Using a germ cell-specific conditional knockout strategy, we show that Polo-like kinase 1 and Aurora A kinase are required for centrosome maturation and separation prior to metaphase I, leading to the formation of bipolar metaphase I spindles. Furthermore, we show that PLK1 is required to block the second round of centriole duplication and maturation until anaphase I. Our findings emphasize the importance of maintaining strict spatiotemporal control of cell cycle kinases during meiosis to ensure proficient centrosome biogenesis and, thus, accurate chromosome segregation during spermatogenesis.
Wellard, Stephen R; Zhang, Yujiao; Shults, Chris; Zhao, Xueqi; Mckay, Matthew; Murray, Stephen A.; and Jordan, Philip W, "Overlapping roles for PLK1 and Aurora A during meiotic centrosome biogenesis in mouse spermatocytes." (2021). Faculty Research 2021. 52.