The Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb). Dis Model Mech. 2023;16(4):dmm050001.
JMG, Humans, Mice, Animals, Disease Models, Animal, Genomics, Neoplasms, Alleles, Databases, Genetic
Dis Model Mech. 2023;16(4):dmm050001.
This work was supported by the National Cancer Institute (CA R01089713). Open Access funding provided by The Jackson Laboratory.
The laboratory mouse has served for decades as an informative animal model system for investigating the genetic and genomic basis of cancer in humans. Although thousands of mouse models have been generated, compiling and aggregating relevant data and knowledge about these models is hampered by a general lack of compliance, in the published literature, with nomenclature and annotation standards for genes, alleles, mouse strains and cancer types. The Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) is an expertly curated, comprehensive knowledgebase of diverse types of mouse models of human cancer, including inbred mouse strains, genetically engineered mouse models, patient-derived xenografts, and mouse genetic diversity panels such as the Collaborative Cross. The MMHCdb is a FAIR-compliant knowledgebase that enforces nomenclature and annotation standards, and supports the completeness and accuracy of searches for mouse models of human cancer and associated data. The resource facilitates the analysis of the impact of genetic background on the incidence and presentation of different tumor types, and aids in the assessment of different mouse strains as models of human cancer biology and treatment response.